Mark your dates for 03rd Global Gold Dore Forum on 01-02 Mar 2019 at Taj Vivanta Dwarka, New Delhi..., 3rd Asia Pacific Precious Metals Conference on 09-11 June 2019 at PARKROYAL on Beach Road, Singapore...
 You are here : Home > ETF & Others
Gold Demand Drops 9% as ETF Inflows Slow from 2016 Highs

Gold Demand Drops 9% as ETF Inflows Slow from 2016 Highs

November 09, 2017


hat’s according to the World Gold Council’s latest Gold Demand Trends report.


Global jewelry demand was down 3% year-on-year in Q3, as the newly introduced Goods & Services Tax and tighter anti-money laundering regulations around transactions in India deterred buyers.


While ETFs had another quarter of positive inflows, these fell far short of the remarkable 144 tonne influx into the sector in Q3 2016.


By contrast, demand from other sectors consolidated: central bank demand was healthy in Q3, up 25% year-on-year to 111 tonnes, while bar and coin investment strengthened by 17% to 222 tonnes, albeit from a low base.


Juan Carlos Artigas, the Director of Investment Research at the World Gold Council, told ETF Trends that ETFs are one of the most transparent and easy to monitor segments of the gold market.


“Most gold-backed funds update their assets daily and, as such, we can see trends developing in real time,” Artigas said. “We publish gold-backed ETF holdings and flows on a monthly basis.”


Artigas said the gold-backed ETF market continues to expand, with investors continuing to buy gold through gold-backed ETFs (and similar funds), consistently increasing their holdings in the first three quarters of the year (adding ~180 tonnes so far in 2017).


“ETF inflows in Q3 this year were modest, especially compared to the 144 tonnes ETFs amassed in Q3 2016,” he said. “During that period, gold rallied strongly after the surprise result of the British referendum and in anticipation of a contested US election and ETF inflows followed suit.


“In contrast, in Q3 2017 the gold market was pulled in different directions: geopolitical uncertainty was a tailwind for gold, but higher interest rates and a stronger dollar were headwinds, especially for US investors.


”However, the gold market is not just about the US. For example, European ETFs in 2017, led by German-listed funds, have captured 60% of flows.”


Artigas said he believed this trend has been driven by three main reasons.First, he said German investors are likely to be more concerned about Brexit, stock market corrections and currency debasement than their US counterparts. Second, short term-interest rates in Germany remain negative. And finally, a change in tax treatment of gold-backed ETFs in late 2015 has supported expansion of the market over the past two years.


Looking forward, in the US and abroad, Artigas said a bullish stock market is capturing a lot of investor flows, however there are still concerns about the sustainability of this trend – uncertainty remains high and we are talking to many investors about allocating gold to their portfolios for the following reasons:


• a source of returns: gold is up approx. 12% year-to-date, and it has returned  approx. 10% per year on average since 1971


• an effective diversifier: gold’s correlation to other assets is quite unique; gold prices have historically risen when stocks fall sharply, providing much needed protection in periods of economic downturn; but gold prices, in the long term, are also supported by economic growth and as people become wealthier, they spend more money on jewelry and electronics. They also save more, often in the form of gold bars and coins or, in developed markets, also through gold-backed ETFs


• a source of liquidity: gold global trading volumes (often more than US$200 billion a day) rival those of major markets such as bonds or currencies, giving investors an asset they can use to complement other less liquid investments and help them meet their liabilities


• combined, these characteristics have translated over the past decade in better portfolio performance for investors holding gold


The fact that gold volumes over-the-counter and in exchanges have increased throughout the third quarter are signs that investors remain interested in gold, Artigas said.


“In addition, investors tell us that gold is one of the few assets that is trading below its recent highs, making it an attractive way to buy downside protection for their portfolios in the event of a market correction,” he said.


Related: A Familiar Gold Catalyst is Still in Play


Bar and coin demand grew 17% in Q3, led by Chinese investors (+57%) but also as supported by German, Swiss and Turkish investors. This type of demand tends to be sticky and in the long run is driven by income growth and savings rates.


Year to-date in 2017, China has seen the second highest volume of bar and coin demand on record, driven by two factors: Concerns over a potential depreciation of the yuan possibility of rising inflation has driven investors to gold and relatively few alternative investment opportunities for Chinese investor (eg new restrictions on the real estate market earlier this year).